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Department of Exercise & Health
Exercise Science and Neuroscience
Prof. Dr. Jochen Baumeister
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Sport, Bewegung, Training und das zentrale Nervensystem

Der in der Sportwissenschaft neue Themenbereich “Exercise Neuroscience” beschäftigt sich aus einer neurowissenschaftlichen Perspektive mit trainingswissenschaftlichen Fragestellungen zu den Forschungsfeldern Leistung und Gesundheit. Neben klassischer trainingswissenschaftlicher Forschung analysieren wir im Kontext von Training und Bewegung kortikale und/oder (kortiko-)muskuläre Aktivitäten und Netzwerke in Labor und mobil im Feld, die im sportlichen Zusammenhang zu Diagnostik, Konzeption und Evaluation von Training zur (Wieder-)Herstellung, dem Erhalt und der Entwicklung von Leistung und Gesundheit genutzt werden können. 

Publikationen des Arbeitsbereichs

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Becker, L., Büchel, D., Lehmann, T., Kehne, M., & Baumeister, J. (2023). Mobile Electroencephalography Reveals Differences in Cortical Processing During Exercises With Lower and Higher Cognitive Demands in Preadolescent Children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 1–11.

<jats:p><jats:italic><jats:bold>Purpose</jats:bold>:</jats:italic> The aim of this study was to examine whether cortical activity changes during exercise with increasing cognitive demands in preadolescent children. <jats:italic><jats:bold>Method</jats:bold>:</jats:italic> Twenty healthy children (8.75 [0.91] y) performed one movement game, which was conducted with lower and higher cognitive demands. During a baseline measurement and both exercise conditions, cortical activity was recorded using a 64-channel electroencephalographic system, and heart rate was assessed. Ratings of perceived excertion and perceived cognitive engagement were examined after each condition. To analyze power spectral density in the theta, alpha-1, and alpha-2 frequency bands, an adaptive mixture independent component analysis was used to determine the spatiotemporal sources of cortical activity, and brain components were clustered to identify spatial clusters. <jats:italic><jats:bold>Results</jats:bold>:</jats:italic> One-way repeated-measures analyses of variance revealed significant main effects for condition on theta in the prefrontal cluster, on alpha-1 in the prefrontal, central, bilateral motor, bilateral parieto-occipital, and occipital clusters, and on alpha-2 in the left motor, central, and left parieto-occipital clusters. Compared with the lower cognitive demand exercise, cortical activity was significantly higher in theta power in the prefrontal cluster and in alpha-1 power in the occipital cluster during the higher cognitive demand exercise. <jats:italic><jats:bold>Conclusion</jats:bold>:</jats:italic> The present study shows that exercise complexity seems to influence cortical processing as it increased with increasing cognitive demands.</jats:p>

Büchel, D., Torvik, P., Lehmann, T., Sandbakk, Ø., & Baumeister, J. (2023). The Mode of Endurance Exercise Influences Changes in EEG Resting State Graphs among High-Level Cross-Country Skiers. Med Sci Sports Exerc.

Sherman, D., Baumeister, J., Stock, M., Murray, A., Bazett-Jones, D., & Norte, G. (2023). Inhibition of Motor Planning and Response Selection after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 55(3), 440–449.

Sherman, D. A., Baumeister, J., Stock, M. S., Murray, A. M., Bazett-Jones, D. M., & Norte, G. E. (2023). Weaker Quadriceps Corticomuscular Coherence in Individuals Following ACL Reconstruction during Force Tracing. Medicine &amp; Science in Sports &amp; Exercise, Publish Ahead of Print.

Büchel, D., Torvik, P. Ø., Lehmann, T., Sandbakk, Ø., & Baumeister, J. (2023). The Mode of Endurance Exercise Influences Changes in EEG Resting State Graphs among High-Level Cross-Country Skiers. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Publish Ahead of Print.

Chang, M., Büchel, D., Reinecke, K., Lehmann, T., & Baumeister, J. (2022). Ecological validity in exercise neuroscience research: A systematic investigation. European Journal of Neuroscience, 55(2), 487–509.

Visser, A., Büchel, D., Lehmann, T., & Baumeister, J. (2022). Continuous table tennis is associated with processing in frontal brain areas: an EEG approach. Experimental Brain Research.

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Coordinative challenging exercises in changing environments referred to as open-skill exercises seem to be beneficial on cognitive function. Although electroencephalographic research allows to investigate changes in cortical processing during movement, information about cortical dynamics during open-skill exercise is lacking. Therefore, the present study examines frontal brain activation during table tennis as an open-skill exercise compared to cycling exercise and a cognitive task. 21 healthy young adults conducted three blocks of table tennis, cycling and n-back task. Throughout the experiment, cortical activity was measured using 64-channel EEG system connected to a wireless amplifier. Cortical activity was analyzed calculating theta power (4–7.5 Hz) in frontocentral clusters revealed from independent component analysis. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to identify within subject differences between conditions (table tennis, cycling, n-back; <jats:italic>p</jats:italic> &lt; .05). ANOVA revealed main-effects of condition on theta power in frontal (<jats:italic>p</jats:italic> &lt; .01, <jats:italic>η</jats:italic><jats:sub>p</jats:sub><jats:sup>2</jats:sup> = 0.35) and frontocentral (<jats:italic>p</jats:italic> &lt; .01, <jats:italic>η</jats:italic><jats:sub>p</jats:sub><jats:sup>2</jats:sup> = 0.39) brain areas. Post-hoc tests revealed increased theta power in table tennis compared to cycling in frontal brain areas (<jats:italic>p</jats:italic> &lt; .05, <jats:italic>d</jats:italic> = 1.42). In frontocentral brain areas, theta power was significant higher in table tennis compared to cycling (<jats:italic>p</jats:italic> &lt; .01, <jats:italic>d</jats:italic> = 1.03) and table tennis compared to the cognitive task (<jats:italic>p</jats:italic> &lt; .01, <jats:italic>d</jats:italic> = 1.06). Increases in theta power during continuous table tennis may reflect the increased demands in perception and processing of environmental stimuli during open-skill exercise. This study provides important insights that support the beneficial effect of open-skill exercise on brain function and suggest that using open-skill exercise may serve as an intervention to induce activation of the frontal cortex.</jats:p>

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Prof. Dr. Jochen Baumeister

Exercise Science and Neuroscience

Jochen Baumeister
+49 5251 60-3200
+49 5251 60-3188

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